World of Warcraft functionality on Wine
|This article is flagged for a fact check!|
- "Wine" redirects here. For in-game drinks, see Drink#Alcoholic Drinks. For Alcoholic drinks, see Wine (disambigution).
- For dealing with common problems while using wine, see Wine troubleshooting.
|Development release||1.5.28 (12 April 2013)|
Wine is a free software application which aims to allow Unix-like operating systems on the x86 architecture to execute programs written for Microsoft Windows. It is not officially supported for World of Warcraft and users have sometimes run afoul of Blizzard Entertainment policies with it.
This article primarily talks about setting up Wine for running the MS Windows version of World of Warcraft. Wine also runs on Macintosh computers with x86 CPUs under Mac OS X, but since Blizzard makes a Mac OS X native World of Warcraft client, running it under Wine is unnecessary and even silly.
World of Warcraft had a client for Linux while it was in the beta phase of development, but it was later dropped and never officially released. Currently, WoW is run on Linux by use of Windows compatibility layers. Given that the World of Warcraft client is no longer officially developed to work in Linux, the installation of it on Linux is a somewhat more involved process than on Windows, which it is streamlined to install more easily on. However, with some careful research, and a bit of patience, it's very possible to do so.
Alternatively a streamlined process of installation and windows installation conversion is available via Play On Linux.
This guide will only cover the Wine compatibility layer. It is however fully compatible with Crossover.
Before you begin the installation, you should run the following simple command, which will check whether your video card driver has DRI enabled, which allows WoW to run much faster (you may need to install package mesa-utils):
glxinfo | grep rendering
Which should return a line similar to this:
direct rendering: Yes
If this line says "No", it means that the graphics data will be handled in software rather than directly by the graphics hardware, thus significantly reducing speed at which WoW will run. Thankfully if you are using relatively recent hardware, enabling DRI is usually just a configuration issue.
For more information about enabling DRI, refer to the information from your distribution's support guides on graphic card driver installation. For extended personal help, forums and chatrooms are usually a good bet. Just tell them what the Make and Model of your graphic card is and they will be able to point you in the right direction. As always, remember that search engines are your friend.
Different GNU/Linux distributions use different methods of installing software, which oftentimes makes it hard to make easy installation options available for all distributions, especially for large and complex projects like Wine. Luckily a lot of energy has been put into making the distribution native installation methods available for a large variety of popular distributions. Please see http://www.winehq.org/site/download and follow the installation directions for your particular distribution.
If you were unable to install Wine with a method found on that site, or if you are an experienced user wanting more control over the installation, then you may want to look into compiling Wine from source code. See the WineHQ wiki for information: http://wiki.winehq.org/Recommended_Packages
This section explains four different methods of installing WoW. If the first method doesn't work for you, or you prefer a different approach, then simply skip to the next method and so on.
Method 1. Install from CDs
If you're lucky you can properly run the installation from the cds, which require that you are able to change between them while the installation runs.
Simply put disc 1 in the CD or DVD drive, and do the following (replace /media/cdrom0 with wherever you mount your cds):
Some dialogs during installation may appear blank or garbled, and the installer may even hang for up to 5 minutes at 100% CPU, while appearing to be doing nothing. Simply wait and click next when possible.
Note: If the text is too small, and it annoys you: Please install msttcorefonts per instruction of your distribution.
If everything works like it should, then the installation will run for a while and then ask for disc 2, you change CDs and it should continue until it asks for the next one and so forth, if it doesn't work, however, you will continue to receive the "Please insert Disc 2" Warning repeatedly. An easy way is to unmount Disk 1 then insert disk 2, it will take a few seconds for it to load and mount, but it will load. Follow these for the rest of the disks and it should be ready to go. If it still doesn't work, skip to method two.
If you have problems ejecting CDs in wine try: Start winecfg, then select Drives, auto detect drives The you'll probably get a Drive Letter like L: /media/WoWDisc1/ Now you can use wine eject L: Then press the eject button on your CD/DVD drive. For the next CD you'll have to run wincfg again and substitute /media/WoWDisc1/ to ... WoWDisc2 and so on. So the wine eject will work without a Problem.
This may primarily be a Fuse problem, but may appear on other systems not using Fuse as well. Run the following command from a terminal:
sudo mount -o remount,unhide /dev/cdrom
Note that your CD drive may not be /dev/cdrom! Check by running the command
mount without arguments and look for a reasonable device (cd#, sr#, etc...)
Problems mounting the DVD (collectors edition for [Vanilla] and [TBC] and standard for [WotLK])
The issues might be related to either a defective (auto-)mount for the Hybrid Disks used (ISO 9660 and HFS+) or defective (auto-)mount without UDF support. For the Hybrid disks please refer to the specific documentation available on the internet. However the most likely cause is the missing UDF support when mounting the disc. In case it is mounted please unmount it
umount /dev/drivename (e.g. cdrom)
then use the following line to mount it again with UDF support:
mount -t udf -o ro,unhide,uid=1000 /dev/drivename /mountpoint (e.g. /mnt)
Method 2. Copy CDs to HD
Create a new folder on your computer. Copy all of the files from the first CD and all but the Installer.exe file from the rest to this directory on your hard drive (overwrite when prompted). Copying the Installer.exe from the other CD's will cause the install to fail with
Unrecognized key "options". (AttributeParser::Parse)
cd /<path-to-directory>/ wine Installer.exe
Replace <path-to-directory> with the right path to the directory where you copied all the files. You should now have the installation running, but make sure the CD media is out of the drive or it will check there and you'll be stuck in it again.
Method 3. Copy from Win
If you're migrating to Linux from Windows and don't want to reinstall and repatch your client, it is possible to copy your existing installation to Linux.
To copy your installation from Windows, simply copy your "World of Warcraft" directory from Windows to somewhere on your Linux partition.
Note 1 : Some computers might experience low FPS , while trying to run WoW in opengl mode . In that case , removing Config.wtf file ( it is localised in WTF folder ) , running WoW to generate that file again , and then making changes ( to opengl mode ) might help. Make sure , to give read/write access to WTF folder ( otherwise WoW will crash ). Add this line to your Config.wtf file using your favorite text editor:
SET gxAPI "OpenGL"
Note 2 : Intel 945 integrated video chipset does not take kindly to OpenGL. If your game crashes frequently, try not using OpenGL.
Method 4. Download client
Or if you have lost a CD, do not have access to a cd drive or simply would not want to bother with patching and messing with the CD's, you can download the trial version, which is in fact the full game almost fully patched, from the Blizzard torrentlike downloader. They work very nicely with wine. You may be asked to log in with your WoW account.
All European WoW clients in all languages:
In order to use the Blizzard Downloader effectively, you must 1) open certain ports on your computer and 2) enable port forwarding on your router.
- The easiest way to open these ports is to use the open-source firewall program Firestarter. When it is running, select the "Policy" tab, right-click in the Allow Service area, and select Add Rule. Under port, type 6112 and make sure that the "Anyone" radio button is selected. Make a note in the comments field that this port relates to Blizzard. Repeat these steps for ports 3724 and for the range 6881-6999 (which will be recognized as BitTorrent ports).
- Next, configure your router to forward those ports on the router to your computer only. The steps are similar to the above, but vary slightly from router to router and may be found on Blizzard's website: http://www.blizzard.com/support/wow/?id=aww01199p
Method 5. In case of having an intel graphics
Follow the steps from this blog:
- [ http://translate.google.com.br/translate?hl=pt-BR&langpair=pt%7Cen&u=http://www.ladolinuxdaforca.com.br/linux/jogos/instalando-world-of-warcraft-linux-intel&prev=/translate_s%3Fhl%3Dpt-BR%26q%3Dwww.ladolinuxdaforca.com.br/linux/jogos/instalando-world-of-warcraft-linux-intel%26sl%3Den%26tl%3Dpt]
I google it so much and this page get me to the solution.
Start from the Desktop Icon
Double click the icon you find on your Desktop titled World of Warcraft, this will start the launcher. If you have never used something requiring HTML rendering with Wine you will be prompted to download and install the Gecko rendering engine, you should do this as it will enable the WoW Launcher to do display news.
Start from the Terminal
Starting from the terminal is simple, just enter:
wine "C:\\Program Files\\World of Warcraft\\Launcher.exe"
(install when prompted about the Gecko rendering engine)
Or, dive right into the game with:
wine "C:\\Program Files\\World of Warcraft\\WoW.exe"
Be certain to add
-opengl to the command if you didn't add the gxApi line as described in the Config.wtf section above.
To make an icon for the desktop menu in your DE:
- Download the application icon to some directory.
- Open the menu editor by right-clicking the menu button on the GNOME/KDE panel, and create a new application entry. Choose the newly downloaded icon as the application icon. In the "Command line" field, you will need to write:
where LAUNCHER is the full path to the application .exe file, either Launcher.exe or WoW.exe (see above).
- Or instead create a text file in
wow.desktop, and paste this:
[Desktop Entry] Name=World of Warcraft Exec=wine LAUNCHER Icon=Wow-icon-scalable.svg Terminal=false Type=Application Categories=Application;Game; StartupNotify=false
Remember that you should also edit the Exec= line to reflect your WoW installation path, if you've installed to a special location.
See Wine troubleshooting.
- For other relevant various information and tips please see Wine miscellaneous info.
- For troubleshooting tips (including common problems and their workarounds), see Wine troubleshooting.
- For Linux Native Ventrilo check out http://www.mangler.org.